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Zimbabwe Dollar Depreciated By 81.08% Since January 2020

The Zimbabwe dollar, represented by Bond notes and the Real-Time Gross Settlement (RTGS), has depreciated by 81.08% since 1 January 2020.

The currency, reintroduced in June 2019, is among the fastest-depreciating currencies globally only coming second to the Venezuelan Bolivar in terms of losing value to the United States dollars.

The statistics were provided by United States economist Professor Steven Hanke. See Hanke’s Currency Watchlist below.

CurrencyDateExchange RateDepreciation since January 1, 2020
Venezuelan Bolivar4/2/20212,147,043.46 VES/USD-97.63%
Zimbabwean RTGS Dollar4/2/2021120.00 RTGS/USD-81.08%
Lebanese Pound4/2/202112,100.00 LBP/USD-80.99%
Sudanese Pound4/2/2021383.00 SDG/USD-77.28%
Syrian Pound4/2/20213,725.00 SYP/USD-75.52%
South Sudanese Pound4/2/2021615.00 SSP/USD-48.78%
Iranian Rial4/2/2021258,500.00 IRR/USD-48.47%
Argentine Peso4/2/2021141.00 ARS/USD-45.39%
Turkmenistan Manat4/2/202133.00 TMT/USD-42.42%
Zambian Kwacha4/2/202122.11 ZMW/USD-36.59%
Brazilian Real4/2/20215.71 BRL/USD-29.60%
Turkish Lira4/2/20218.17 TRY/USD-27.15%
Nigerian Naira4/2/2021485.00 NGN/USD-25.15%
Ethiopian Birr4/2/202156.00 ETB/USD-20.54%

Computed by Steve H. Hanke, The Johns Hopkins University. Exchange rates are either black (read: free) market or spot exchange rates. Note that a “2 percent change indicates a depreciation of the currency relative to the USD. Note that some sources update periodically, but not daily.

As a result of the depreciation, some denominations including the $5 note have been phased out while plans are underway to introduce bigger ones.

The Zimbabwe dollar is trading at US$1: ZW$120 on the parallel market but, in most cases, the average exchange rate is US$1: ZW$100.

The official exchange rate, however, as per the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ)’s Foreign Currency Exchange system, is at US$1: ZW$84.

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