G40 kingpin and former Higher and Tertiary Education Minister, Professor Jonathan Moyo argues that the late former President Robert Mugabe’s legacy has been tainted by a system that he had to work within.
Prof Moyo says the system that controls Zimbabwe goes way back to the days of the liberation struggle, and its ethos is based captured in the Mgagao Declaration, whose ideology is that the gun controls politics. Writes Prof Moyo:
Mugabe was a product of a vicious system that imposed him in 1975 at Mgagao in Tanzania; confirmed that imposition in Mozambique in 1977, got him elected prime minister in 1980; reposed him in power for 37 years and cruelly deposed him on November 15, 2017, to the detriment of his health.
The system that imposed, reposed and deposed Mugabe was responsible for blocking the Patriotic Front from contesting the 1980 elections as a united platform; it was responsible for collapsing the 1980 unity government; responsible for retaining the Rhodesian State of Emergency for 10 years; responsible for triggering Gukurahundi and responsible for wrecking the 1987 Unity Accord despite the best efforts of Mugabe and Nkomo.
Over the years, it is this system that kept Mugabe in power and used him less as its leader and more as its spokesperson. It is this system that blocked Mugabe from handing over power to Morgan Tsvangirai after he lost the 2008 election.
… the system—which engineered Gukurahundi, wrecked the Unity Accord, blocked Mugabe from handing over to Tsvangirai in 2008 — did not and does not support the new 2013 constitution.
This system literally ran the Zanu PF election campaign in 2013 to put itself in a position to tear apart the new constitution when it staged a military coup on November 15, 2017, under the false pretext that it was stopping Mugabe from handing over power to his wife Grace by allegedly targeting the so-called criminals around him.
Before independence this system was Zanla’s High Command; after independence it became the Joint Operations Command (JOC).
The repugnant ideology of this system is that the gun dictates politics.
Mugabe sought to reverse this ideology, to get politics to dictate the gun, when it was too little too late to do so.