The government is working on amending the Mines and Minerals Act (Chapter 21:05) to make it more favourable for small-scale miners, informally known as makorokoza. The law which was enacted in 1963 makes it illegal to possess gold, something which has affected small-scale miners adversely. The new Mines and Minerals Amendment Act is expected to create a favourable environment for the mining sector.
Team leader of the ease of doing business Technical Working Group created by Government, Professor Ashok Chakravarti said:
In particular, we want it to provide a favourable environment to makorokoza (small miners) because you know they are almost four million of them now and they are producing 10 tonnes of gold.
In the old colonial Act they are all illegal, they are criminals; so we must change all those things and we must make them legal. We must give them incentives, we must support them because they are doing a wonderful thing for the country.
So those are some of the things that should be coming in the new Act to make sure that there is broad participation of people in mining, and done in a proper way and we increase production and exports.