The power situation can be resolved immediately by any decent caring and competent govt. As a matter of urgency, the regime should scrap the fuel subsidy to Sakunda and Trafigura and use that to guarantee importation of at least 400 MW of energy.
Secondly, ZETDC must levy and collect charges in US$ dollars to guarantee permanent imports. If this is done it’s only fair and logical that energy consumers must also levy their labour, services and goods in US dollars. Thirdly there must a be a scientific and systematic push to green energy.
Fourth, there must be a resolution of the country sovereign debt crises to enable access to cheap funds held particularly at the World Bank and African Development Bank. Development Finance key and necessary to fund major infrastructure energy projects.
Fifth, genuine and bona fide Independent Power Producers must be licensed, including players in alternative energy particularly solar , methane gas, and bio-energy . With this in place at least fresh 2000 MW should be generated from Hwange 7 and 8, Batoka, Sinamatela and green sources.
Sixth is the management of the transmission network. The transmission lines are old and archaic and a lot of energy is lost due to decayed infrastructure including inefficient transformers and lines. At least US$500 will be required to sort the transmission mess.
Seven is demand-side management. There are some who think power is for free and that is why the list of ZESA defaulters can’t be published because it is the who is who of ZANU . Pre-paid platforms, solar geysers, gas stoves, smart and energy-saving appliances must be compulsory.
Lastly, the Development and Urbanization of Rural Areas (DURA) is key.Rural electrification is a necessary but not sufficient precondition to breaking dual enclave economy. Solar and bioenergy provide a quick answer .A sustained program can increase GDP by a factor of 2% in any year.
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