Zimbabwe has failed to sign or ratify the African Charter on election and governance, which was adopted by member states on the 30th of June 2007 in Addis Ababa. The charter came into force in February 2012 following ratification by the 15th member state. The charter seeks among other things to promote adherence to democratic principles, rule of law and human rights respect.
This failure by the government to sign and ratify the charter has resulted in people questioning Mugabe’s sincerity to democracy and the rule of law. Mugabe has also been accused of not respecting constitutionalism.
Political analysts Maxwell Saungweme said by refusing to sign the charter, Mugabe is protecting himself:
It’s well-documented that we have a history of violent elections that in most cases were neither free nor fair.
There is no interest in Mugabe or his party for democratic free and fair polls as such elections would guarantee his exit.
Mugabe neither believes in neither democracy nor free and fair elections and it will be phantasmagorical to think that Zimbabwe will ratify this charter under the current regime.
Charles Mangongera, a political scientist had this to say:
Even if Zimbabwe were to sign the Charter I do not think that it would make much of a difference given the fact that the AU lacks sanction mechanisms for errant countries,
Zimbabwe is a member of SADC but it has constantly flouted the rules of elections as enunciated in the SADC (Southern African Development Community) Guidelines on Democratic Elections without any censure from the regional body.
More: All Africa